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Wednesday, October 4, 2023

Africa Needs More Than $100 Billion a Year for Climate Adaptation

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Africa may need an increase in climate adaptation funding to $100 billion a year if it’s to buttress its infrastructure, improve weather early warning systems and shield its agriculture from climate change, the Global Center on Adaptation said.

Current adaptation finance flows of about $11 billion a year in 2020 are well below the $52.7 billion the continent’s nations have said they need and that estimate may only be half of the actual amount required, the Hague-based organization said in a report released at the inaugural Africa Climate Summit in Nairobi.

While Africa produces only about 4% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions its nations are among those hardest hit by climate change.

“As climate change impacts accelerate globally, adaptation efforts have become an urgent imperative,” the center said in its report. “This is especially true in the most vulnerable regions, including Africa.”

Current adaptation flows to the continent are also concentrated, with 10 nations receiving more than half of the funds and the bottom 10 nations getting less than 1%, the GCA said. Of that finance 54% is in the form of loans, exacerbating the countries’ debt burdens. Development finance institutions and governments contribute 95% of the funding and just 0.3% from the private sector.

“The private sector has the most potential to increase financing for adaptation,” the GCA said. “In South and East Asia, the private sector invests nearly 40% of total climate finance flows,” which includes both adaptation and mitigation funding such as the construction of renewable energy plants, it said.

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